Classic Diabetes Symptoms
Cats in North America suffer lifestyle diseases that are similar to most of the home owners. Diabetes has not only affected many North Americans today but also their pet cats. The classic symptom of diabetes of a cat is detected by:
- Increase of water intake. Cats that differ from diabetes will drink more water than normal cats. It is said that normal cats are not very sensitive to their need for water. But in diabetic cats the need for water is more acute and they tend to feel more thirsty than normal cats
- Urine output of a diabetic cat increases. When the blood stream gets overloaded by glucose that is relieved by passing urine. That leads to water loss and the body feel more dehydrated
- Another symptom of diabetes in cat is similar to that in humans and that is an increased appetite. The mechanism of hunger is triggered due to the different metabolic processes taking place. When there is loss of glucose from the body, the brain triggers the hunger syndrome. That leads to an increase in appetite of the cat.
- Due to the deficiency of insulin, the building of proteins from amino acids is deterred. Thus, proteins and muscle breakdown in cats and that leads to weight loss.
- Some cats can experience chronic vomiting as well as diarrhea symptoms
Taking The Cat To The Vet
When you are suspecting your cat or kitten to be ill or diabetic, you need to take them to the vet for a proper examination. For human beings blood sugar is easily detected from the blood test. However, in cats, their blood sugar levels rise drastically when they are stressed and that includes the time frame that a vet takes to draw blood from them. The testing of the urine for glucose levels is a more sensitive and difficult test. Often, due to other renal diseases, there could be a leak out of glucose in the urine.
Diagnosing Diabetes In Cats
There is a combination of tests done in order to determine diabetes in cats.
- In addition to blood and urine tests, serum fructosamine is a test that is also performed.
- In such a test, a glucose and amino acid compound in the blood is tested which stays in the blood for 2 to 3 weeks and can provide information regarding the level of blood sugar over time.
- That allows vets to differentiate between the diabetes mellitus symptoms and the stress related blood sugar rises in the body.
Treatment Of Diabetes In Cats
Treatment for diabetes in cats is unique for every breed.
- The first consideration is the diet where the goal of the diet has to be to maintain the ideal body weight of the cat and to keep the blood glucose levels at normal.
- If a cat is obese it should be fed about sixty to seventy percent of the caloric requirement in order to reduce body weight
- An emaciated cat has to be put on a high calorie diet